Resources for further learning

Continue to learn about Alberta’s Black History by exploring the following resources:

ECAMP stories

Edmonton’s Gospel Music Scene by Anmarie Bailey

Judi Singh: A Black & South Asian musician from 1950s-70s Edmonton by Poushali Mitra

The Last Black West: Oklahoma Freedmen Seek Refuge in Alberta, Part 1 by Dr. Russell Cobb

The Last Black West: Oklahoma Freedmen Seek Refuge in Alberta, Part 2 by Dr. Russell Cobb

The Porter: Building a Better Canada for All by Donna Coombs-Montrose

Online resources

Alberta Labour History Institute, Index to Interviews for Black Communities in Alberta

Black Communities in Alberta, by Dr. Jennifer Kelly, Alberta Labour History Institute

Black Settlers of Alberta & Saskatchewan Historical Society:

Breton and District Historical Museum:

‘Call Me Auntie’: Excavating the Histories of Black Women Pioneers in Western Canada by Cheryl Foggo

“Canadian Expeditionary Force No. 2 Construction Battalion (1914-1918),” by C. Smith, 2016.

“Finding Lulu: One Man’s Quest to find Himself in his own City” by Bashir Mohamed

Hatti’s Harlem Chicken Inn, Royal Alberta Museum podcast:

John Ware Reclaimed, directed by Cheryl Foggo, prod. Bonnie Thompson and David Christensen. National Film Board of Canada, 2020.

My Canada by Donna Coombs-Montrose, Alberta Labour History

The Chicken Inn Across the Road:

“The Evolution of Shiloh Baptist Church and Black History” by Anmarie Bailey, Diversity Magazine:

The story of Fil Fraser, Canada’s first Black broadcaster:

Secret Alberta: The Former Life of Amber Valley,

Secret Calgary: Kicking Up A Fuss,

Shiloh Baptist Church – History,

The Road Taken, directed by Selwyn Jacob. National Film Board of Canada, 1996.

Virtual Exhibit: The Story of Windrush– The history and impact of the people who characterised mass migration in Britain

“We Are the Roots: Black Settlers and their Experiences of Discrimination on the Canadian Prairies,” Bailey and Soda films:

“We Want to Breathe,” by Donna Coombs-Montrose

Scholarly works

Cui, Dan and Jennifer Kelly. “Our Negro Citizens: An Example of Everyday Citizenship Practices.” In The West and Beyond : New Perspectives on an Imagined Region, edited by Alvin Finkel, Sarah Carter, Peter Fortna. Edmonton: Athabasca University Press, 2010: 253-277.

Kelly, Jennifer and Mikael Wossen-Taffesse, “The Black Canadian: An Exposition of Race, Gender and Citizenship,” Journal of Canadian Studies; Winter 2012, Vol. 46 Issue 1, p167-192.

Foster, Cecil, They Call Me George: The Untold Story of Black Train Porters and the Birth of Modern Canada. Windsor: Biblioasis, 2019.

Palmer, Howard and Tamara, “Urban Blacks in Alberta,” Alberta History, v. 29, no. 3 (1981): pp. 8-18.

Shepherd, R. Bruce, “Diplomatic Racism: Canadian Government and Black Migration from Oklahoma, 1905-1912,” Great Plains Quarterly, 3, no. 1 (Winter 1983), pp. 5-16.

Vernon, Karina, ed. The Black Prairie Archives: An Anthology. Wilfred Laurier Press, 2020.

Edmonton Public Library Picks: Black History in Canada reading list,

Header photo: William George & Alice Cromwell with sons Dermont and Whitney, no date. Image courtesy of the Charles Irby Collection, CEMA 10, Department of Special Collections, University Libraries, University of California, Santa Barbara.